Glossary of Terms

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Your way through our world…

Alpha Arbutin is a pure molecule that promotes lightening and an even skin tone on all types of skin. Alpha arbutin blocks the biosynthesis of melanin in the epidermal by inhibiting the oxidation of the Tyrosine by the Melanin Tyrosinase. This active substance is one of the purest of all whitening agents and actually works better than some other known lightening agents like hydroquinone.

Blanch X A blend of Citric Acid, Pure Vitamin C, Alpha-Arbutin, Peony root extract, Astragalus extract and Glutathione.

Glucosidic Any of various organic compounds formed from a simple sugar (monosaccharide). Glycosides occur abundantly in plants, especially as pigments, and are used in medicines, dyes, and as cleansing agents

Hydroquinone is a strong inhibitor of melanin production, meaning that it prevents skin from making the substance responsi- ble for skin color. It has been banned in some countries (UK, USA, FRANCE) because of fears of a cancer risk.

On August 29, 2006, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) proposed a ban on over-the-counter sales of cosmetic products containing hydroquinone.  Studies in rodents have shown “some evidence” that hydroquinone may act as a cancer-causing chemical. Hydroquinone also has been linked with the medical condition known as “ochronosis” in which the skin becomes dark and thick.

Liquorice issued from the roots of Glycyrrhiza glabra it is a  natural sweetener between 30 to 50 times as sweet as sugar which also has pharmaceutical effects for exhibiting a strong anti-viral effect. Studies of the use of licorice extract (usually at 7%) in the treatment of melasma have shown that it can inhibit tyrosinase activity of melanocytes

Melanin In humans, melanin is the primary determinant of skin color. Melanin is the pigment in skin that gives it a brown color It is a common and natural pigment found in most organisms.

Melanin Tyrosinase or Tyrosinase is an essential enzyme in the biosynthesis of the skin pigment melanin. Produced in the brain, it is exclusively found in melanin cells.

A defect in the enzyme activity leads to the albinism in human. Ethnics differences in human color may primarily be due to differences in the Tyrosinase activity in the melanin cells. Melanin cells derived from black skin have up to ten times more Tyrosinase activity and produce up to ten times more melanin than do melanin cells in white skin.

Papa Mt, Papain, also known as papaya proteinase I, is an enzyme present in papaya. Its utility is in breaking down tough meat fibres and has been used for thousands of years in its native South America. It is basically a natural enzyme that promotes rapid skin cell renewal and turnover of cells. It is very effective in the exfoliation of dead skin cells. Papain also has restorative properties on the skin.

Vitamine C L-ascorbic acid or L-ascorbate is an essential nutrient for humans and certain other animal species. In living or- ganisms ascorbate acts as an antioxidant by protecting the body against oxidative stress. There are very few studies showing them to have benefit for inhibiting melanin production and therefore helps brighten the skin tone.